MySQL修改账号授权的的IP地址

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今天遇到一个需求:修改MySQL用户的权限,需要限制特定IP地址才能访问,第一次遇到这类需求,结果在测试过程,使用更新系统权限报发现出现了一些问题, 具体演示如下. 下面测试环境为MySQL 5.6.20. 如有其它版本与下面测试结果有出入,请以实际环境为准。

我们先创建一个测试用户LimitIP,只允许192.168段的IP地址访问,具体权限如下所示:

mysql> GRANT SELECT ON MyDB.* TO LimitIP@'192.168.%' IDENTIFIED BY 'LimitIP';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

mysql> GRANT INSERT ,UPDATE,DELETE ON MyDB.kkk TO LimitIP@'192.168.%';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> 
mysql> flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> 

mysql> show grants for LimitIP@'192.168.%';
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Grants for LimitIP@192.168.%                                                                                   |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| GRANT USAGE ON *.* TO 'LimitIP'@'192.168.%' IDENTIFIED BY PASSWORD '*72DDE03E02CC55A9478A82F3F4EBE7F639249DEC' |
| GRANT SELECT ON `MyDB`.* TO 'LimitIP'@'192.168.%'                                                              |
| GRANT INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE ON `MyDB`.`kkk` TO 'LimitIP'@'192.168.%'                                          |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql>

假设现在收到需求:这个用户只允许这个IP地址192.168.103.17访问,于是我打算更新mysql.user表,如下所示:

mysql> select user, host from mysql.user where user='LimitIP';
+---------+-----------+
| user    | host      |
+---------+-----------+
| LimitIP | 192.168.% |
+---------+-----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> update mysql.user set host='192.168.103.17' where user='LimitIP';
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.02 sec)
Rows matched: 1  Changed: 1  Warnings: 0

mysql> flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

mysql> select user, host from user where user='LimitIP';
ERROR 1046 (3D000): No database selected
mysql> use mysql;
Reading table information for completion of table and column names
You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A

Database changed
mysql> select user, host from user where user='LimitIP';
+---------+----------------+
| user    | host           |
+---------+----------------+
| LimitIP | 192.168.103.17 |
+---------+----------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> show grants for LimitIP@'192.168.103.17';
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Grants for LimitIP@192.168.103.17                                                                                   |
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| GRANT USAGE ON *.* TO 'LimitIP'@'192.168.103.17' IDENTIFIED BY PASSWORD '*72DDE03E02CC55A9478A82F3F4EBE7F639249DEC' |
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> 

上面测试发现,如果这样只修改mysql.user表, 那么之前的权限没有了,如下所示,如果你查询mysql.db、 mysql.tables_priv 发现Host的字段值依然为192.168.%

mysql>  select * from mysql.db where user='LimitIP'\G;
*************************** 1. row ***************************
                 Host: 192.168.%
                   Db: MyDB
                 User: LimitIP
          Select_priv: Y
          Insert_priv: N
          Update_priv: N
          Delete_priv: N
          Create_priv: N
            Drop_priv: N
           Grant_priv: N
      References_priv: N
           Index_priv: N
           Alter_priv: N
Create_tmp_table_priv: N
     Lock_tables_priv: N
     Create_view_priv: N
       Show_view_priv: N
  Create_routine_priv: N
   Alter_routine_priv: N
         Execute_priv: N
           Event_priv: N
         Trigger_priv: N
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

ERROR: 
No query specified

mysql> select * from mysql.tables_priv where user='LimitIP'\G;
*************************** 1. row ***************************
       Host: 192.168.%
         Db: MyDB
       User: LimitIP
 Table_name: kkk
    Grantor: root@localhost
  Timestamp: 0000-00-00 00:00:00
 Table_priv: Insert,Update,Delete
Column_priv: 
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

ERROR: 
No query specified

所以我继续修改 mysql.db、 mysql.tables_priv 表,然后测试验证终于OK了(请见下面测试步骤),当然如果账户的权限不止这几个层面,你可能还必须修改例如mysql.columns_priv、mysql.procs_priv等表

mysql> show grants for LimitIP@'192.168.%';
ERROR 1141 (42000): There is no such grant defined for user 'LimitIP' on host '192.168.%'
mysql> 
mysql> 
mysql> update mysql.db set host='192.168.103.17' where user='LimitIP';
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1  Changed: 1  Warnings: 0

mysql> update mysql.tables_priv set host='192.168.103.17' where user='LimitIP';
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1  Changed: 1  Warnings: 0

mysql> flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> show grants for LimitIP@'192.168.103.17';
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Grants for LimitIP@192.168.103.17                                                                                   |
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| GRANT USAGE ON *.* TO 'LimitIP'@'192.168.103.17' IDENTIFIED BY PASSWORD '*72DDE03E02CC55A9478A82F3F4EBE7F639249DEC' |
| GRANT SELECT ON `MyDB`.* TO 'LimitIP'@'192.168.103.17'                                                              |
| GRANT INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE ON `MyDB`.`kkk` TO 'LimitIP'@'192.168.103.17'                                          |
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> 

如果需要修改用户的IP限制,其实更新mysql相关权限表不是上上策,其实有更好的方法,那就是RENAME USER Syntax (https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/rename-user.html)

mysql> RENAME USER 'LimitIP'@'192.168.103.17' TO 'LimitIP'@'192.168.103.18';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> show grants for 'LimitIP'@'192.168.103.18';
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Grants for LimitIP@192.168.103.18                                                                                   |
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| GRANT USAGE ON *.* TO 'LimitIP'@'192.168.103.18' IDENTIFIED BY PASSWORD '*72DDE03E02CC55A9478A82F3F4EBE7F639249DEC' |
| GRANT SELECT ON `MyDB`.* TO 'LimitIP'@'192.168.103.18'                                                              |
| GRANT INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE ON `MyDB`.`kkk` TO 'LimitIP'@'192.168.103.18'                                          |
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> 

原文出处:cnblogs -> http://www.cnblogs.com/kerrycode/p/7428800.html

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