zabbix监控php-fpm状态

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本文通过启用php-fpm的status页面,使用zabbix来定时获取此数据以达到监控php-fpm性能状态的目的。

安装

假设zabbix agent安装在了/zabbix-agent/目录

配置php-fpm

打开php-fpm的pool配置文件,删除pm.status=指令的注释:

pm.status_path = /php-fpm_status

如果你配置了多个pool,需要分别为它们配置不同的status_path。

配置nginx

把如下配置添加到nginx配置文件:

server {
    listen 10061;

    location /php-fpm_status {
        fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include fastcgi_params;
    }
}

重启php-fpm和nginx后,尝试执行如下命令测试:

curl http://127.0.0.1:10061/php-fpm_status

添加User Parameters

创建/zabbix-agent/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf.d/php-fpm-params.conf文件,内容如下:

UserParameter=php-fpm[*],/usr/local/zabbix-agent-ops/bin/php-fpm-check.sh "$1" "$2"

创建/usr/local/zabbix-agent-ops/bin/php-fpm-check.sh,内容如下:

#!/bin/bash
##################################
# Zabbix monitoring script
#
# php-fpm:
#  - anything available via FPM status page
#
##################################
# Contact:
#  vincent.viallet@gmail.com
##################################
# ChangeLog:
#  20100922 VV  initial creation
##################################

# Zabbix requested parameter
ZBX_REQ_DATA="$1"
ZBX_REQ_DATA_URL="$2"

# Nginx defaults
NGINX_STATUS_DEFAULT_URL="http://localhost:80/php-fpm_status"
WGET_BIN="/usr/bin/wget"

#
# Error handling:
#  - need to be displayable in Zabbix (avoid NOT_SUPPORTED)
#  - items need to be of type "float" (allow negative + float)
#
ERROR_NO_ACCESS_FILE="-0.9900"
ERROR_NO_ACCESS="-0.9901"
ERROR_WRONG_PARAM="-0.9902"
ERROR_DATA="-0.9903" # either can not connect / bad host / bad port

# Handle host and port if non-default
if [ ! -z "$ZBX_REQ_DATA_URL" ]; then
  URL="$ZBX_REQ_DATA_URL"
else
  URL="$NGINX_STATUS_DEFAULT_URL"
fi

# save the nginx stats in a variable for future parsing
NGINX_STATS=$($WGET_BIN -q $URL -O - 2> /dev/null)

# error during retrieve
if [ $? -ne 0 -o -z "$NGINX_STATS" ]; then
  echo $ERROR_DATA
  exit 1
fi

# 
# Extract data from nginx stats
#
RESULT=$(echo "$NGINX_STATS" | awk 'match($0, "^'"$ZBX_REQ_DATA"':[[:space:]]+(.*)", a) { print a[1] }')
if [ $? -ne 0 -o -z "$RESULT" ]; then
    echo $ERROR_WRONG_PARAM
    exit 1
fi

echo $RESULT

exit 0

导入模板

导入php-fpm-template.xml模板,并链接到主机。根据需要设置{$PHP_FPM_STATUS_URL}宏。
php-fpm-template.xml模板内容:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<zabbix_export>
    <version>2.0</version>
    <date>2013-03-26T04:12:09Z</date>
    <groups>
        <group>
            <name>Templates</name>
        </group>
    </groups>
    <templates>
        <template>
            <template>Template php-fpm</template>
            <name>Template php-fpm</name>
            <groups>
                <group>
                    <name>Templates</name>
                </group>
            </groups>
            <applications>
                <application>
                    <name>php-fpm</name>
                </application>
            </applications>
            <items>
                <item>
                    <name>$1</name>
                    <type>0</type>
                    <snmp_community/>
                    <multiplier>0</multiplier>
                    <snmp_oid/>
                    <key>php-fpm["total processes",{$PHP_FPM_STATUS_URL}]</key>
                    <delay>60</delay>
                    <history>90</history>
                    <trends>365</trends>
                    <status>0</status>
                    <value_type>3</value_type>
                    <allowed_hosts/>
                    <units/>
                    <delta>0</delta>
                    <snmpv3_securityname/>
                    <snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
                    <snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
                    <snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
                    <formula>1</formula>
                    <delay_flex/>
                    <params/>
                    <ipmi_sensor/>
                    <data_type>0</data_type>
                    <authtype>0</authtype>
                    <username/>
                    <password/>
                    <publickey/>
                    <privatekey/>
                    <port/>
                    <description/>
                    <inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
                    <applications>
                        <application>
                            <name>php-fpm</name>
                        </application>
                    </applications>
                    <valuemap/>
                </item>
                <item>
                    <name>$1</name>
                    <type>0</type>
                    <snmp_community/>
                    <multiplier>0</multiplier>
                    <snmp_oid/>
                    <key>php-fpm["listen queue",{$PHP_FPM_STATUS_URL}]</key>
                    <delay>60</delay>
                    <history>90</history>
                    <trends>365</trends>
                    <status>0</status>
                    <value_type>3</value_type>
                    <allowed_hosts/>
                    <units/>
                    <delta>0</delta>
                    <snmpv3_securityname/>
                    <snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
                    <snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
                    <snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
                    <formula>1</formula>
                    <delay_flex/>
                    <params/>
                    <ipmi_sensor/>
                    <data_type>0</data_type>
                    <authtype>0</authtype>
                    <username/>
                    <password/>
                    <publickey/>
                    <privatekey/>
                    <port/>
                    <description/>
                    <inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
                    <applications>
                        <application>
                            <name>php-fpm</name>
                        </application>
                    </applications>
                    <valuemap/>
                </item>
                <item>
                    <name>$1</name>
                    <type>0</type>
                    <snmp_community/>
                    <multiplier>0</multiplier>
                    <snmp_oid/>
                    <key>php-fpm["listen queue len",{$PHP_FPM_STATUS_URL}]</key>
                    <delay>60</delay>
                    <history>90</history>
                    <trends>365</trends>
                    <status>0</status>
                    <value_type>3</value_type>
                    <allowed_hosts/>
                    <units/>
                    <delta>0</delta>
                    <snmpv3_securityname/>
                    <snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
                    <snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
                    <snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
                    <formula>1</formula>
                    <delay_flex/>
                    <params/>
                    <ipmi_sensor/>
                    <data_type>0</data_type>
                    <authtype>0</authtype>
                    <username/>
                    <password/>
                    <publickey/>
                    <privatekey/>
                    <port/>
                    <description/>
                    <inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
                    <applications>
                        <application>
                            <name>php-fpm</name>
                        </application>
                    </applications>
                    <valuemap/>
                </item>
                <item>
                    <name>$1</name>
                    <type>0</type>
                    <snmp_community/>
                    <multiplier>0</multiplier>
                    <snmp_oid/>
                    <key>php-fpm["active processes",{$PHP_FPM_STATUS_URL}]</key>
                    <delay>60</delay>
                    <history>90</history>
                    <trends>365</trends>
                    <status>0</status>
                    <value_type>3</value_type>
                    <allowed_hosts/>
                    <units/>
                    <delta>0</delta>
                    <snmpv3_securityname/>
                    <snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
                    <snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
                    <snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
                    <formula>1</formula>
                    <delay_flex/>
                    <params/>
                    <ipmi_sensor/>
                    <data_type>0</data_type>
                    <authtype>0</authtype>
                    <username/>
                    <password/>
                    <publickey/>
                    <privatekey/>
                    <port/>
                    <description/>
                    <inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
                    <applications>
                        <application>
                            <name>php-fpm</name>
                        </application>
                    </applications>
                    <valuemap/>
                </item>
                <item>
                    <name>$1</name>
                    <type>0</type>
                    <snmp_community/>
                    <multiplier>0</multiplier>
                    <snmp_oid/>
                    <key>php-fpm["idle processes",{$PHP_FPM_STATUS_URL}]</key>
                    <delay>60</delay>
                    <history>90</history>
                    <trends>365</trends>
                    <status>0</status>
                    <value_type>3</value_type>
                    <allowed_hosts/>
                    <units/>
                    <delta>0</delta>
                    <snmpv3_securityname/>
                    <snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
                    <snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
                    <snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
                    <formula>1</formula>
                    <delay_flex/>
                    <params/>
                    <ipmi_sensor/>
                    <data_type>0</data_type>
                    <authtype>0</authtype>
                    <username/>
                    <password/>
                    <publickey/>
                    <privatekey/>
                    <port/>
                    <description/>
                    <inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
                    <applications>
                        <application>
                            <name>php-fpm</name>
                        </application>
                    </applications>
                    <valuemap/>
                </item>
                <item>
                    <name>$1/sec</name>
                    <type>0</type>
                    <snmp_community/>
                    <multiplier>0</multiplier>
                    <snmp_oid/>
                    <key>php-fpm["accepted conn",{$PHP_FPM_STATUS_URL}]</key>
                    <delay>60</delay>
                    <history>90</history>
                    <trends>365</trends>
                    <status>0</status>
                    <value_type>3</value_type>
                    <allowed_hosts/>
                    <units/>
                    <delta>1</delta>
                    <snmpv3_securityname/>
                    <snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
                    <snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
                    <snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
                    <formula>1</formula>
                    <delay_flex/>
                    <params/>
                    <ipmi_sensor/>
                    <data_type>0</data_type>
                    <authtype>0</authtype>
                    <username/>
                    <password/>
                    <publickey/>
                    <privatekey/>
                    <port/>
                    <description/>
                    <inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
                    <applications>
                        <application>
                            <name>php-fpm</name>
                        </application>
                    </applications>
                    <valuemap/>
                </item>
                <item>
                    <name>$1/sec</name>
                    <type>0</type>
                    <snmp_community/>
                    <multiplier>0</multiplier>
                    <snmp_oid/>
                    <key>php-fpm["slow requests",{$PHP_FPM_STATUS_URL}]</key>
                    <delay>60</delay>
                    <history>90</history>
                    <trends>365</trends>
                    <status>0</status>
                    <value_type>3</value_type>
                    <allowed_hosts/>
                    <units/>
                    <delta>1</delta>
                    <snmpv3_securityname/>
                    <snmpv3_securitylevel>0</snmpv3_securitylevel>
                    <snmpv3_authpassphrase/>
                    <snmpv3_privpassphrase/>
                    <formula>1</formula>
                    <delay_flex/>
                    <params/>
                    <ipmi_sensor/>
                    <data_type>0</data_type>
                    <authtype>0</authtype>
                    <username/>
                    <password/>
                    <publickey/>
                    <privatekey/>
                    <port/>
                    <description/>
                    <inventory_link>0</inventory_link>
                    <applications>
                        <application>
                            <name>php-fpm</name>
                        </application>
                    </applications>
                    <valuemap/>
                </item>
            </items>
            <discovery_rules/>
            <macros>
                <macro>
                    <macro>{$PHP_FPM_STATUS_URL}</macro>
                    <value>http://127.0.0.1:10061/php-fpm_status</value>
                </macro>
            </macros>
            <templates/>
            <screens/>
        </template>
    </templates>
    <graphs>
        <graph>
            <name>php-fpm Accepted Connections / sec</name>
            <width>900</width>
            <height>200</height>
            <yaxismin>0.0000</yaxismin>
            <yaxismax>100.0000</yaxismax>
            <show_work_period>1</show_work_period>
            <show_triggers>1</show_triggers>
            <type>0</type>
            <show_legend>1</show_legend>
            <show_3d>0</show_3d>
            <percent_left>0.0000</percent_left>
            <percent_right>0.0000</percent_right>
            <ymin_type_1>0</ymin_type_1>
            <ymax_type_1>0</ymax_type_1>
            <ymin_item_1>0</ymin_item_1>
            <ymax_item_1>0</ymax_item_1>
            <graph_items>
                <graph_item>
                    <sortorder>0</sortorder>
                    <drawtype>0</drawtype>
                    <color>C80000</color>
                    <yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
                    <calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
                    <type>0</type>
                    <item>
                        <host>Template php-fpm</host>
                        <key>php-fpm["accepted conn",{$PHP_FPM_STATUS_URL}]</key>
                    </item>
                </graph_item>
            </graph_items>
        </graph>
        <graph>
            <name>php-fpm Listen Queue</name>
            <width>900</width>
            <height>200</height>
            <yaxismin>0.0000</yaxismin>
            <yaxismax>100.0000</yaxismax>
            <show_work_period>1</show_work_period>
            <show_triggers>1</show_triggers>
            <type>0</type>
            <show_legend>1</show_legend>
            <show_3d>0</show_3d>
            <percent_left>0.0000</percent_left>
            <percent_right>0.0000</percent_right>
            <ymin_type_1>0</ymin_type_1>
            <ymax_type_1>0</ymax_type_1>
            <ymin_item_1>0</ymin_item_1>
            <ymax_item_1>0</ymax_item_1>
            <graph_items>
                <graph_item>
                    <sortorder>0</sortorder>
                    <drawtype>0</drawtype>
                    <color>EE0000</color>
                    <yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
                    <calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
                    <type>0</type>
                    <item>
                        <host>Template php-fpm</host>
                        <key>php-fpm["listen queue len",{$PHP_FPM_STATUS_URL}]</key>
                    </item>
                </graph_item>
                <graph_item>
                    <sortorder>1</sortorder>
                    <drawtype>0</drawtype>
                    <color>00EE00</color>
                    <yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
                    <calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
                    <type>0</type>
                    <item>
                        <host>Template php-fpm</host>
                        <key>php-fpm["listen queue",{$PHP_FPM_STATUS_URL}]</key>
                    </item>
                </graph_item>
            </graph_items>
        </graph>
        <graph>
            <name>php-fpm Processes</name>
            <width>900</width>
            <height>200</height>
            <yaxismin>0.0000</yaxismin>
            <yaxismax>100.0000</yaxismax>
            <show_work_period>1</show_work_period>
            <show_triggers>1</show_triggers>
            <type>0</type>
            <show_legend>1</show_legend>
            <show_3d>0</show_3d>
            <percent_left>0.0000</percent_left>
            <percent_right>0.0000</percent_right>
            <ymin_type_1>0</ymin_type_1>
            <ymax_type_1>0</ymax_type_1>
            <ymin_item_1>0</ymin_item_1>
            <ymax_item_1>0</ymax_item_1>
            <graph_items>
                <graph_item>
                    <sortorder>0</sortorder>
                    <drawtype>0</drawtype>
                    <color>C80000</color>
                    <yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
                    <calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
                    <type>0</type>
                    <item>
                        <host>Template php-fpm</host>
                        <key>php-fpm["total processes",{$PHP_FPM_STATUS_URL}]</key>
                    </item>
                </graph_item>
                <graph_item>
                    <sortorder>1</sortorder>
                    <drawtype>0</drawtype>
                    <color>00C800</color>
                    <yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
                    <calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
                    <type>0</type>
                    <item>
                        <host>Template php-fpm</host>
                        <key>php-fpm["active processes",{$PHP_FPM_STATUS_URL}]</key>
                    </item>
                </graph_item>
                <graph_item>
                    <sortorder>2</sortorder>
                    <drawtype>0</drawtype>
                    <color>0000C8</color>
                    <yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
                    <calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
                    <type>0</type>
                    <item>
                        <host>Template php-fpm</host>
                        <key>php-fpm["idle processes",{$PHP_FPM_STATUS_URL}]</key>
                    </item>
                </graph_item>
            </graph_items>
        </graph>
        <graph>
            <name>php-fpm Slow Requests / sec</name>
            <width>900</width>
            <height>200</height>
            <yaxismin>0.0000</yaxismin>
            <yaxismax>100.0000</yaxismax>
            <show_work_period>1</show_work_period>
            <show_triggers>1</show_triggers>
            <type>0</type>
            <show_legend>1</show_legend>
            <show_3d>0</show_3d>
            <percent_left>0.0000</percent_left>
            <percent_right>0.0000</percent_right>
            <ymin_type_1>0</ymin_type_1>
            <ymax_type_1>0</ymax_type_1>
            <ymin_item_1>0</ymin_item_1>
            <ymax_item_1>0</ymax_item_1>
            <graph_items>
                <graph_item>
                    <sortorder>0</sortorder>
                    <drawtype>0</drawtype>
                    <color>C80000</color>
                    <yaxisside>0</yaxisside>
                    <calc_fnc>2</calc_fnc>
                    <type>0</type>
                    <item>
                        <host>Template php-fpm</host>
                        <key>php-fpm["slow requests",{$PHP_FPM_STATUS_URL}]</key>
                    </item>
                </graph_item>
            </graph_items>
        </graph>
    </graphs>
</zabbix_export>

转载请保留原文链接:Linux运维日志 » zabbix监控php-fpm状态

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